Skip Navigation

North Carolina Contractor License and Contractor License Bonds

North Carolina Contractor License and Contractor License Bonds

North Carolina has unique rules and requirements for obtaining a contractor license. Most states classify contractors based on the type of work they plan on doing. The North Carolina Licensing Board for Contractors uses classifications, but further branches contractors into, what they call, limitations. These limitations change the requirements for obtaining a license.

This article will cover:

  • The North Carolina contractor license classifications
  • Contractor license limitations
  • Financial and working capital requirements
  • Contractor license bonding requirements
  • Application and exam process
  • Increasing or decreasing your contractor limitation

Contractor License Classifications

There are five main contractor license classifications:

  • Building contractors
  • Residential contractors
  • Highway contractors
  • Public utility contractors
  • Specialty contractors

Building Contractor Classification

This classification includes all building and demolition activity for nearly all projects. Here are some examples of these common building activities:

  • Commercial and industrial construction
  • All residential building construction
  • Parking decks
  • Driveways and sidewalks
  • Indoor and outdoor recreational facilities
  • Natural and artificial athletic fields

Having a building contractor classification also covers work done by all Specialty classifications.

Residential Contractor Classification

As the name suggests the residential classification covers all work to only residential properties regulated by the residential building codes. Common activities include:

  • All site and structural work
  • Driveways
  • Sidewalks
  • Water and wastewater systems

Having a residential contractor classification covers specialty classification work pertinent to residential properties (listed below).

Highway Contractor Classification

This classification covers all highway and highway related activities including:

  • All paving
  • Relocation and laying or public and private utility lines
  • Parking decks
  • Sidewalks
  • Installation of guard rails and fencing
  • Signage and highway hardware
  • Paving and grading airport runways and taxiways

Like other classifications the Highway classification includes pertinent speciality classifications.

Public Utility Contractor Classification

This classification focuses on water and wastewater utilities and includes all work performed by Specialty classifications pertinent to public utility contractors.

Specialty Contractor Classifications

Building Contractors Specialties

  • Concrete construction
  • Insulation
  • Interior construction
  • Marine construction
  • Masonry construction
  • Roofing
  • Metal erection
  • Swimming pools
  • Asbestos
  • Wind turbine erection

Residential Contractors Specialties

  • Insulation
  • Interior construction
  • Masonry construction
  • Roofing
  • Swimming pools
  • Asbestos

Highway Secondary Classifications Specialties

  • Grading and excavating
  • Boring and tunneling
  • Concrete construction
  • Marine construction
  • Railroad construction

Public Utility Contractor Specialties

  • Boring and tunneling
  • Communications
  • Fuel distribution
  • Electrical ahead of point of delivery
  • Water lines and sewer lines
  • Water purification and sewage disposal
  • Swimming pools

For detailed explanations of each specialty, visit the North Carolina Licensing Board for Contractors. You can read their prepared PDF under the Specialty heading.

Each speciality contractor classification can be obtained individually based on the goals of the individual or company obtaining licensing. Plus each classification has its own application process and examination requirements.

If an individual contractor or company qualifies for all classifications, the Board designates them "unclassified".

North Carolina Contractor Limitations

North Carolina has limitations on licenses. A limited license can only work on projects up to $750,000. An intermediate license can work up to $1.5 million. An unlimited license has no restrictions on project size.

Again, the classification is the type of work you plan on performing. The limitations placed on each classification dictate the size of the jobs an individual or company can perform.

Plus each limitation sets for the the individual or company financial and working capital requirements to perform these projects. These financial requirements are important for the bonding requirements, which will be covered in the next section.

Limited License

A limited license allows the contractor or company to act as general contractor for a project with a value of up to $750,000 on a per project basis. This figure excludes the cost of the land and any added costs to improve the land to prepare it for the construction project.

Working Capital Requirements

There are two options of which one must be met:

  • Current assets must exceed total liabilities by at least $17,000.
  • A total net worth of at least $80,000

Intermediate License

An intermediate license allows the contractor or company to act as general contractor for projects valued up to $1,500,000 per project. This figure also excludes the price of and any necessary improvements to the land for the project.

Working Capital Requirements

Current assets must exceed total liabilities by at least $75,000.

Unlimited License

An unlimited licensee can act as the general contractor for jobs of any value. There are no restrictions.

Working Capital Requirements

Current assets must exceed the total liabilities by at least $150,000.

Proof of Working Capital

To prove your working capital level for the desired license limitation, the individual or company can either:

  • Let the Board conduct an audit
  • Have a licensed Certified Public Accountant prepare an Agree-Upon Procedure Report that conforms with the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.

If you cannot meet these working capital requirements, a North Carolina contractor bond can be purchased instead.

North Carolina Contractor License Bonds

A contractor needs to purchase a contractor bond if they do not meet financial limitations. Limited licenses need a $175,000 bond amount. Intermediate licenses need a $500,000 bond amount. Unlimited licenses require a $1 million bond amount.

What is a Surety Bond?

The most common question we get at Surety Bonds Direct is, what is a surety bond?

It's easier to understand surety bonds when you understand the working capital requirements. North Carolina is unique, as most states don't have explicit financial requirements. Yet, most states require, by law, a surety bond to obtain a license.

The North Carolina Licensing Board for General Contractors requires working capital by contractors in the instances where:

  • Jobs run over budget
  • Unforeseen issues arise causes contract issues
  • Subcontractor issues
  • Contractual disagreements with customers

Plus contractors with the required working capital will be able to obtain the necessary insurance to protect all the parties involved in any given project.

A surety bond provides similar breach of contract protection, but only for the customers of the contractor or company. This protection includes:

  • Breach of contract for furnishing labor
  • Using or not providing agreed upon materials
  • Lack of professional construction services
  • Any unlawful act or omission related to the performance of the contract

In any of these cases, a customer can make a claim against the surety bond for financial recovery.

Contractor Bond Amounts Based On License Limitations

License Limitation Bond Amount
Limited License $175,000
Intermediate License $500,000
Unlimited License $1,000,000

How Much Does a Contractor Bond Cost

Relative to other states, North Carolina has higher bonding amounts. The bond amount is not the cost of the bond.

The cost of the bond requires a quote by a surety underwriter. The surety is an insurance company who writes surety bonds. Quotes vary greatly from surety to surety.

Read our post about how the cost of a surety bond is determined.

In short, the quote is determined by:

  • The personal credit of the individual or Qualifier of the company seeking licensure
  • Past industry and business experience

This is why you want to work with a specialized surety agent like Surety Bonds Direct. We work with multiple sureties and obtain multiple quotes for the required bond. Surety Bonds Direct will deliver the lowest cost bond to you, a bond guaranteed to be accepted by the state of North Carolina.

Start Your Contractor Bond Quote Process Today

Start your North Carolina contractor bond quote process today. Call Surety Bonds Direct and we will get you the lowest priced bond so you can obtain your North Carolina contractors license.

Learning how to get a surety bond is easy. We have an online free quote form you can use or you can call a bond specialist at 1-800-608-9950. It typically takes one to two business days to obtain multiple quotes from the most competitive sureties. The quoting process is free and there's no obligation.

This is the only way to determine your exact cost to purchase the required contractor bond.

How Long Does The Bond Last?

The Board requires the bond to be continuous. This means the bond renews on a yearly basis as long as you pay the renewal premium and a new bond is not required to be issued.

If the individual or company meets the required financial and working capital requirements for the active license limitation, the bond does not have to be renewed. Remember, the Board or a CPA must provide proof of the working capital requirements.

Contractor Classification Application And Examinations

Application

The application is straightforward. The only thing to make sure of is the name of the applicant. It's important for the license name to be the name you're planning on using to obtain contracts and operate.

According to the Board, licenses can be granted to individuals or to companies, but the name must be a legal entity. This means a full legal name or a business name registered with the Secretary of State.

License Limitation Application Fees
Limited License $75
Intermediate License $100
Unlimited License $125

Exam Requirements

A completed application must be submitted and when everything is accepted by the Board, they will email you an eligibility letter with the necessary exam or exams that must be passed.

Most exams are administered through PSI exams.

Examination fees are non-refundable:

License Limitation Exam Fees
Limited License $75
Intermediate License $100
Unlimited License $125

If the exam is failed or needs to be taken again... the Board may require a new application and fee.

However, the North Carolina Licensing Board accepts the NASCLA exam for the Building contractor classification. NASCLA is the National Association of State Contractors Licensing Agencies. It's a non-profit who helps states test in a uniform fashion for contracting standards and knowledge.

Because a collection of states have agreed to accept NASCLA exams, when you pass the exam it will be accepted by other states' exam requirements. This makes getting a contractors license in other states a lot easier.

Increasing or Decreasing License Limitation

Increasing Limitation

To increase a license's limitation, a new application must be filled out. However, limitations can't be increased during the current license year.

When you apply for an increase you have to fill out another application for the increased limitation. This includes paying the application fee and updating the current surety bond, if you don't meet the working capital requirements, for the new amount.

Decreasing Limitation

Decreasing a limitation must be processed before the online renewal application is completed. A written request must be signed by the owner of the current license.

If a surety bond is active, when the bond renews it can be updated for the new bond amount and renewal premium.

If You Need a Contractor Bond For Your North Carolina Contractor License Call Surety Bonds Direct

If you elect to purchase a surety bond to satisfy the working capital requirement, Surety Bonds Direct can help.

We offer a free online quote request form. It's secure and takes about 90 seconds to complete. Once you submit a request a bond specialist will begin the process of finding you the lowest quote for your bond.

If you would prefer to talk with a bond specialist, you can call 1-800-608-9950 to start the quote process.

Customers of Surety Bonds Direct are assigned a bond specialist. This makes purchasing your bond easier and faster. Plus if you increase or decrease your limitation in the future, your bond specialist will help make updating your bond simple.


Get a Free Quote For Your Bond »

Or Call a Bond Specialist
1-800-608-9950

It's Fast, Free & No-Obligation

#1 Surety Company... Four Years In a Row

Investopedia

Investopedia Rated Surety Bonds Direct the Best Overall Surety Company for 2021, 2022, 2023, and 2024!